The Alfa Romeo 159 is a compact executive car from the Italian manufacturer Alfa Romeo from 2005 to 2011 produced. It was introduced at the Geneva Motor Show as a replacement for the 156 in 2005. Alfa Romeo159 uses the GM/Fiat Premium platform, shared with the Alfa Romeo Brera and Spider series vehicles and concept cars Kamal and Visconti. The 159 was awarded to third in the 2006 European Car of the Year. Production of the 159 stopped in late 2011, but is still marketed in several countries. Over 240,000 cars were built.
The Alfa Romeo 159 has a rich development, in the middle of the joint Fiat – General Motors had developed, which was closed in 2005. Originally, the 159 is to use the GM Epsilon platform, but died during the development platform was changed to premium GM/Fiat. Unfortunately, at the end of the transition to the Alfa Romeo 159, which was mainly as a platform for e-segment in Episode Alfa Romeo 159 overweight, a problem of her sisters, the Alfa Romeo Brera coupe and Spider convertible shared. In 2008, changes to the interior, dashboard, instruments and materials and aluminum components were introduced, which reduces the curb weight of 45 kilograms.
As a result of its executive car platform is larger than its predecessor at 4,660 mm (183.4) length of about 225 mm (8.9 inches) longer than the Alfa wide and 1,417 mm (55.7 inches) tall. The size of the 159 made it much more comfortable than the 156 due to its greater interior space. However, the significant growth in the dimensions 156 determine many owners consider the Alfa Romeo 159 model as a direct replacement. By demanding premium platform for the 159 based, high level of passive safety has been achieved, and the torsional rigidity of the chassis is one of the best in this category give me 180,000.
The Alfa Romeo 159 was designed by Giorgetto Giugiaro in collaboration with Centro Stile Alfa. The nose features a traditional Alfa Romeo V-shaped grille and bonnet, and cylindrical head light clusters. Extends a high waist to be the “C” again. Several proposals have been determined exterior design made the car look bigger, supposedly to attract potential buyers in the U.S., but the 159 was never exported to the region. The interior also features styling treatments familiar old cars, including the 156, how deeply incised instruments which are angled towards the driver. For Alfa Romeo 159 is more in direct competition with BMW, Mercedes -Benz and Audi, with interior materials of the highest quality, but I was told that the Alfa Romeo brand positioning his miscalculated regarding the best known manufacturers of luxury cars Germany.
The 159 is in front and all-wheel drive options. The system of four-wheel drive “Q4″ uses a Torsen type C twin differential (front and center differential in the same unit, front differential is open) and in 3.2-liter petrol and 2.4 liter diesel engines. The transmission is a six-speed manual on most models, and an automatic Q-Tronic six-speed transmission is for the 1.9 diesel, 2.4 diesel and 3.2 petrol engines of gasoline. The Selespeed gearbox is for sale in some countries with the 2.2 petrol engine.